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Что такое двигатель беамс

The All-new Mark II

Tokyo―TOYOTA MOTOR CORPORATION (TMC) unveiled today its all-new Mark II passenger car as a truly driver-oriented luxury sedan. The re-born Mark M’s key components (platform, engine and suspension) have all been redesigned to create an advanced combination of sharp, smart styling, front-engine, rear-wheel-drive enjoyment and a luxury-class interior space.

The new model is now available through Toyopet dealers nationwide (and Tokyo Toyota dealers in Tokyo; exclusively through Osaka Toyota dealers in Osaka).

Mark II Grande iR-V

Designed for inspiration

An advanced combination of a flowing, dynamic exterior and a package offering better driving performance through reduced inertial momentum of yaw creates a driver-oriented sedan with a new look.

All models come with VVT-i engines, such as the newly developed 2.5-liter direct fuel injection BEAMS (Breakthrough Engine with Advanced Mechanism System) D-4 engine. This engine can produce a large amount of torque in the commonly used rpm range and is highly fuel-efficient. Together with a 5-speed automatic transmission and new double-wishbone suspension design, it ensures, untiring acceleration along with outstanding handling and driving stability.

The interior comes with several graceful and detailed finishing touches. There are high-quality seats, a complete range of comfort features, a smooth instrument panel, and the controls are carefully designed for the best possible feel.

Safety and environmental features for driver peace of mind ABS, with EBD (Electronic Brake force Distribution), and a brake assist function are provided standard on all models. VSC (Vehicle Stability Control), SRS (Supplemental Restraint System) curtain shield air bags and the latest GOA (Global Outstanding Assessment) body ensure one of the world’s highest levels of safety in this class. The new Mark II also incorporates various environmental measures. Use of the 2.5-liter BEAMS D-4 engine gives it superb fuel economy, and the main models also meet the Japanese Environment Agency’s definition of vehicles with emissions 25% below the mandated 2000 level.


Style and package

The Mark ll’s advanced combination of a flowing, dynamic exterior with a package offering better driving performance through a reduced inertial momentum of yaw creates a driver-oriented sedan with a new look.

The exterior has dynamic proportions and flows smoothly from front to rear. The engine hood has been given a taut, ample shape, evoking power and high quality. The sharp relief of the contours provides a sophisticated new look.

The increased cabin volume is housed within pillars that flow together with energetic character lines to create a sporty side view. The rear’s volume is emphasized by taut surfaces and a distinctive process that incorporates exterior panels in the lamps.

The Grande iR-V and Grande iR-S models are designed to be more distinctive, with special features, such as a dark front grille, rear spoiler and 17-inch aluminum wheels, that give these sporty grades originality that serves as a major selling point.

The overall length has been shortened by 25 mm, and the front and rear overhangs are shorter, but the wheel base has been lengthened by 50 mm. Inertial momentum of yaw has been reduced by placing the engine and the fuel tank closer to the vehicle center. This layout enables sharp handling and driving stability.

The overall height has been increased, and the cabin has been expanded, to create plenty of legroom, shoulder room and headroom in the front and rear seats. The roomy interior ranks alongside that of large class vehicles.
Luggage space has been increased by 20% by moving the fuel tank from beneath the trunk to under the rear seat.

Driving performance

All models come with VVT-i engines, such as the newly developed 2.5-liter direct fuel injection BEAMS D-4 engine. Together with a 5-speed automatic transmission and newly developed double-wishbone suspension design, they ensure untiring acceleration along with outstanding handling and driving stability.

Newly developed 2.5-liter direct fuel injection BEAMS 1JZ-FSE D-4 engine Direct fuel injection enables ultra-lean combustion. A new type of fuel injector creates a very fine fuel mist. By optimizing the shapes of the fuel mist and piston top surfaces, the range of ultra-lean combustion has been expanded, resulting in one of the lowest fuel consumption levels in this class. Straight port heads are used for low intake resistance. Combined with VVT-i and an electronically controlled throttle, they enable a high degree of power and outstanding driveability characterized by highly linear accelerator response.

Use of engine torque control provides smooth and powerful torque starting in the low rpm range for a refreshing feeling.

The electronically controlled throttle has been altered to allow precise engine control for more gentle shifting and smoother revving.

The application of VVT-i and other advanced technologies produce one of the highest levels of power available among normally-aspirated engines in this class.

Automatic models come with 5 Super ECT or ECT-iE. 5 Super ECT is a 5-speed automatic transmission enabling generous, smooth acceleration. ECT-iE is a 4-speed automatic transmission (intelligent) with an electronically controlled flex lockup feature. All models have a gate-type shift lever, specifically designed to make the shifting operation more enjoyable. The Grande iR-V’s manual transmission uses a new shift mechanism design for a more direct shifting feel, and a shorter stroke for improved operation.

The new platform reduces the inertial momentum of yaw and improves steering responsiveness and convergence. A new double wishbone suspension design is used in both front and rear. In combination with the high-rigidity body, this suspension improves driving stability and provides a smoother riding sensation. The Grande iR-V and Grande iR-S models have specially tuned suspensions for better stability on straightaways and a better turning characteristic. The Grande G comes with the electronically controlled H ∞ -TEMS suspension for a comfortable, stable ride. This suspension uses the latest damper control methods―non-linear H∞ control and imaginery roll damper control. Models with the 1JZ-GTE engine have a new progressive power steering feature that lightens steering resistance as needed by switching from oil-pressure-valve to linear response, depending on vehicle speed. This creates constant steering rigidity regardless of speed, making for a more natural steering sensation.

Road noise was analyzed using an onboard sound simulator and reduced as much as possible by changing the body structure and determining the optimum placement of sound-proofing materials in a successful effort to block out noise even from rough driving surfaces. The engine has been made as quiet as possible in the low rpm range, and, in the high rpm range, it has been tuned to sound as pleasant as possible. Wind noise has been greatly reduced by optimizing the shapes and placement of the front pillars, door mirrors and other components.

The interior comes with several graceful and detailed finishing touches. There are high-quality seats, a complete range of comfort features, a smooth instrument panel and controls carefully designed for the best feel and easy identification.

The roomy seats with thick upholstery are extremely comfortable.

Features such as a smooth instrument panel free of indentations or projections, and controls carefully designed for the best feel create a luxurious interior with detailed and graceful finishing touches.

Grande iR-V and Grande iR-S have black interiors with burgundy wood-grain-pattern panels. They come with a three-spoke steering wheel covered in genuine leather and contoured seats with improved hold. The effect is striking and daring, yet mature.

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Complete range of comfort features creates luxurious interior New Optitron meters that combine a metallic detailed design and a luxurious sporty image are standard on all models. A manual rear window sunshade is standard on all models and protects direct sunlight from entering through the rear, improving rear seat comfort.

Front door pockets that close (standard on all models), a utility box (standard on some grades) in the luggage space in the rear and other features improve utility and increase storage capacity.

A built-into-the-ceiling air purifier (standard on some grades) eliminates impurities such as cigarette smoke and pollen and uses an LED light source to deodorize, disinfect and purify the air through photocatalytic action.

An anti-theft engine immobilizer system is available as an option on some grades. This system prevents the engine from being started by any key other than the one with the owner’s registered ID code.

All models come with six audio speakers, which have been specially tuned for the Mark Il’s acoustics, creating highly realistic sound quality. The audio system is easy to operate and has its own sophisticated design.

Special interior illumination, featuring LEDs in six positions that light up when the door locks are open, when the engine is being started, or during driving, is standard on some grades.

A sliding cover-type armrest trunk-through function allows the carrying of long items, such as skis and snowboards.

Models with the 5 Super ECT transmission come with NAVI-AI-SHIFT, which uses upcoming curve information obtained from the car navigation system and gradient information obtained from vehicle speed sensors and throttle status to shift down to fourth gear and to third as needed. The feature also takes into consideration the accelerator/brake pedal operation by the driver, as well as the characteristics of the immediate curve, including slope gradient. The system can also control shifting even when no route has been set using the car navigation system and enables appropriate engine braking and smooth acceleration for driving support while traveling on winding roads.

The Electro Multivision system, with a wide (7-inch) display and positioned for ease of view above the center of the instrument panel, is optional on all models. It uses DVD voice navigation to greatly increase the speed of the route-finding process, and can pinpoint destinations as specific as individual street addresses. It can be connected to multiplex FM broadcasting and VICS (Vehicle Information and Communication System) receiver equipment, and is compatible with Toyota’s MONET (Mobile Network) system, a driver information service.

Safety and the environment

ABS, with EBD, and a brake assist function are standard on all models. VSC, SRS curtain shield air bags and the latest GOA body ensure one of the world’s highest levels of safety in this class. The new Mark II also incorporates various environmental measures. Use of the 2.5-liter BEAMS D-4 engine gives it one of the lowest levels of fuel consumption in its class. The main models also meet the Japanese Environment Agency’s definition of vehicles with emissions 25% below the mandated level for 2000.

Outstanding handling and driving stability ensure a high level of danger avoidance.

The new Mark II achieves outstanding braking performance through the use of ABS with EBD that correctly distributes the braking force to the front and rear wheels to match changes in load due to load shifting or deceleration, or, in the case of braking during cornering, correctly distributes the braking force to the left and right wheels. This performance is enhanced by a brake assist function that provides strong braking in emergency situations in which the driver fails to appropriately apply the brakes or when carrying a heavy load.

A tinted water-repellent windshield (optional on the main grades) improves visibility when driving in rain.

An optimized reflector design in the halogen headlights dramatically improves light brightness and range. The discharge headlights are also brighter.

The refined collision-safe GOA body has passed a 40% lap offset front collision test at 64 km/h, and a full-lap front collision test and side collision test at 55 km/h.

Standard features in the driver’s seat and front passenger seat of all models include SRS air bags, seat belts with pretensioners and force limiters, and warning indicators that flash when seat belts are not worn. SRS side air bags for the front seats and SRS curtain shield air bags, which protect front- and rear-seat occupants, are optional as a set on all models.

Collision-absorbing ribs in pillars and roof side rails ensure interior safety equal to that outlined in U.S. head impact protection standards.

The design of not only the front but also the rear seats incorporates the WIL (Whiplash Injury Lessening) concept, lessening the shock to occupants’ necks during a collision from the rear.

The left and right rear seats come with special child seat anchors conforming to the ISO-FIX * standard.

* An ISO (International Organization for Standardization) standard for child seat attachment created to prevent misuse of child seats, improve vehicle compatibility and set an internationally uniform attachment method.

Reduced CO 2 through the pursuit of lower fuel consumption CO 2 emissions have been reduced by lowering fuel consumption through the use of engines with VVT-i, high-efficiency transmissions and power-saving air conditioning. Fuel consumption is also lowered by the improved aerodynamic performance that results from a flatter under-floor structure and the use of more streamlined parts. Models with the newly developed 2.5-liter direct fuel injection BEAMS D4 engine have some of the lowest levels of fuel consumption in their class.

Models with the 1JZ-FSE, 1JZ-GE or 1G-FE engine have greatly reduced HC and NOx levels and meet the Japanese Environment Agency’s definition of vehicles with emissions 25% under mandated levels.

TSOP (Toyota Super Olefin Polymer), an easily recycled thermoplastic resin, is used in parts such as the front and rear bumpers and upholstery. Resin parts are clearly labeled for easy sorting.

Parts such as the radiator, heater core and wire harness coverings contain no lead. The amount of lead that is used is less than one-third the amount permitted in 1996, giving Toyota early compliance with the voluntary lead reduction target figure set for manufacturers to achieve by the end of 2005.

Welcab models (specially equipped with factory-installed features)

Models with rotating front passenger seats enabling easy access for the aged or disabled are available for some grades (Types A and B). Type B has a motorized wheelchair storage device that makes it easy to load and unload a wheelchair to and from the luggage space (standard).

Specially equipped models are available for some grades, with standard features such as special power steering that makes the steering feel about 50% lighter, to allow hands-only driving operation for the disabled. These models enable attachment of driving assistance equipment and special driver’s seats.

Что такое двигатель беамс

Active high beams is a function that uses camera sensors in the upper edge of the windshield to detect the headlights of approaching vehicles or the taillights of the vehicle directly ahead. When either of these is detected, the vehicle’s headlights will automatically switch from high beams to low beams.

Active high beam is enabled by moving the lighting ring on the steering wheel lever to .

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The function can also detect street lighting. When the camera sensor no longer detects an approaching vehicle or a vehicle ahead, the headlights will return to high beams.

This function can be used in dark conditions when the vehicle’s speed is approx. 20 km/h (approx. 12 mph ) or higher.

If active high beams are deactivated when the high beams are on, the headlights will automatically switch to low beams.

When active high beams are activated, a white symbol will be displayed in the instrument panel.

When high beams are on, the symbol will be blue. For LED headlights, this applies even if the high beams are partially dimmed, i.e. if the headlights are illuminated with slightly more than low beams.

Vehicles with LED

LED ( Light Emitting Diode )

If the active high beams are equipped with the auto on/off function Depends on the vehicle’s equipment level. , the headlights will return to high beams a second or so after the camera sensor no longer detects the headlights of approaching vehicles or the taillights of a vehicle ahead.

Limitations for active high beams

The camera sensor on which the function is based has limitations.

If this symbol and the message Active High Beam Temporarily unavailable is displayed in the instrument panel, switching between high and low beams must be done manually. The lighting ring on the steering wheel lever can remain in the position. The symbol will go out when the message is displayed.

The same applies if this symbol along with the message Windscreen sensor Sensor blocked, see Owner’s manual is displayed.

Active high beams may be temporarily unavailable in certain situations, e.g. heavy fog or rain. When active high beams become available again, or the windshield sensors are no longer blocked, the message will disappear and the symbol will be displayed.


Automatic high beam is an aid in using the best possible light based on prevailing conditions.

The driver is always responsible for manually switching between high and low beam when traffic situations or weather conditions require this.

Что такое двигатель беамс

Featuring some of the most advanced additive technologies available, GE Additive’s Arcam EBM and Concept Laser DMLM machines produce parts quickly and precisely. The machines are capable of making intricate shapes and geometries with high levels of accuracy, opening up new design possibilities across a multitude of applications.


We create certified, high-performing powders for every metal additive need, taking into account a variety of mechanical behavior design data and material science. Find information on the different powders that can be used with GE Additive’s additive manufacturing machines.


Wherever you are on the path to metal additive production, our team can help get you there faster. Leverage the knowledge and expertise of GE Additive’s AddWorks team and shorten your learning curve with the adoption of additive technology. Our team offers workshops, application sprints and engineering and consulting services to fast-track your path to production.


Leasing your additive manufacturing equipment enables you to reduce initial capital costs, have predictable monthly payments, and access to the latest technology through upgrade flexibility. GE Additive provides turnkey leasing, remarketing and vendor finance programs to customers around the globe.

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Find everything you should know about additive manufacturing and the technologies used to build 3D objects using layers of material.

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The medical industry was one of the first industries to embrace additive manufacturing and recognize it as a viable technology for the production of orthopedic implants. Our additive offerings have been used globally for over a decade for both volume production and small-batch and bespoke implants. By enabling patient-specific solutions and better biocompatibility, additive manufacturing has allowed the medical industry to enhance patients’ quality of life.


The aerospace industry is a pioneering sector for additive manufacturing and is paving the way to serial production. Now, the ready are evaluating beyond the part and considering how metal additive will benefit the entire system—from part cost to supply chain to potential new market opportunities. As a market leader in additive in aerospace, GE Additive is here to help you discover your ROI potential with this disruptive technology.

Military & Defense

To stay at the forefront, you have to radically change the way you design and build combat air systems, combat vehicles, complex surface ships and more. Additive is the game-changing technology you need to build faster, more survivable military products. Now, the ready are evaluating how additive can drive improved sustainment and fleet readiness.


The space industry is often characterized by complex parts in low volumes, making it an ideal industry to use metal additive. Now, the ready are evaluating how additive can yield benefits like increased part performance, reduced lead-times and reduced costs for space applications.

Industrial Manufacturing

Mold making. Die casting. Tool making. Industrial manufacturers are evaluating how additive can drive greater returns on investment. Discover your additive advantage, from new business opportunities with highly alloyed tool steel and pure copper to reducing warpage on molded parts with conformal cooling.


Additive technology is truly becoming an important part of automotive supply chains. From tooling/prototyping to mass production of engine, transmission, and chassis components, the ready are evaluating how additive can drive greater returns on investment.


Additive manufacturing allows to manufacture complex, customized, precise frameworks and tension free dental prostheses for improved fit in the mouth.

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At GE Additive, we continue to work every day to bring the transformative power of advanced manufacturing to businesses around the globe. Through our own extensive experience incorporating additive technologies into our production process, we recognize the value and possibilities it brings to modern design and manufacturing challenges.

Our Frequently Asked Questions (FAQ) section provides an overview into our our company history, technology and product portfolio.


Visit our job portal and discover all our open positions. Together we unlock the potential of additive manufacturing.

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As a world-leading manufacturer, GE Additive works closely with our suppliers to deliver on commitments to customers.

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Download our playbook «Building the Business Case: Identifying Criteria to Measure ROI for Additive Manufacturing» and learn why developing a business case can help ensure your investment in additive yields a higher return on investment.

Additive manufacturing (AM), also known as 3D printing, is a transformative approach to industrial production that enables the creation of lighter, stronger parts and systems.

It is yet, another technological advancement made possible by the transition from analog to digital processes. In recent decades, communications, imaging, architecture and engineering have all undergone their own digital revolutions. Now, AM can bring digital flexibility and efficiency to manufacturing operations.

Additive manufacturing uses data computer-aided-design (CAD) software or 3D object scanners to direct hardware to deposit material, layer upon layer, in precise geometric shapes. As its name implies, additive manufacturing adds material to create an object. By contrast, when you create an object by traditional means, it is often necessary to remove material through milling, machining, carving, shaping or other means.

Although the terms «3D printing» and «rapid prototyping» are casually used to discuss additive manufacturing, each process is actually a subset of additive manufacturing.

While additive manufacturing seems new to many, it has actually been around for several decades. In the right applications, additive manufacturing delivers a perfect trifecta of improved performance, complex geometries and simplified fabrication. As a result, opportunities abound for those who actively embrace additive manufacturing.

How does additive manufacturing work?

The term “additive manufacturing” references technologies that grow three-dimensional objects one superfine layer at a time. Each successive layer bonds to the preceding layer of melted or partially melted material. Objects are digitally defined by computer-aided-design (CAD) software that is used to create .stl files that essentially «slice» the object into ultra-thin layers. This information guides the path of a nozzle or print head as it precisely deposits material upon the preceding layer. Or, a laser or electron beam selectively melts or partially melts in a bed of powdered material. As materials cool or are cured, they fuse together to form a three-dimensional object.

GE Additive specializes in developing Powder Bed Fusion (PBF) machines for the additive manufacturing of metal parts. The three processes GE offers with in the PBF category, recognized by the American Society for Testing and Materials (ASTM), include: Direct Metal Laser Melting (DMLM), Electron Beam Melting (EBM), Binder Jetting.

In all of GE Additive’s machines the process involve the spreading of the metal powder layer by layer and uses either a laser or electron beam to melt and fuse powder together to create a part. The process repeats until the entire part is created. Loose or unfused powder is removed during post processing and is recycled for the next build.

Additive manufacturing processes

There are a variety of different additive manufacturing processes:

Powder Bed Fusion

Powder Bed Fusion (PBF) technology is used in a variety of AM processes, including direct metal laser sintering (DMLS), selective laser sintering (SLS), selective heat sintering (SHS), electron beam melting (EBM) and direct metal laser melting (DMLM). These systems use lasers, electron beams or thermal print heads to melt or partially melt ultra-fine layers of material in a three-dimensional space. As the process concludes, excess powder is blasted away from the object.

Binder Jetting

The binder jetting process is similar to material jetting, except that the print head lays down alternate layers of powdered material and a liquid binder.

Directed Energy Deposition

The process of directed energy deposition (DED) is similar to material extrusion, although it can be used with a wider variety of materials, including polymers, ceramics and metals. An electron beam gun or laser mounted on a four- or five-axis arm melts either wire or filament feedstock or powder.

Material Extrusion

Material extrusion is one of the most well-known additive manufacturing processes. Spooled polymers are extruded, or drawn through a heated nozzle mounted on a movable arm. The nozzle moves horizontally while the bed moves vertically, allowing the melted material to be built layer after layer. Proper adhesion between layers occurs through precise temperature control or the use of chemical bonding agents.

Material Jetting

With material jetting, a print head moves back and forth, much like the head on a 2D inkjet printer. However, it typically moves on x-, y- and z-axes to create 3D objects. Layers harden as they cool or are cured by ultraviolet light.

Sheet Lamination

Laminated object manufacturing (LOM) and ultrasonic additive manufacturing (UAM) are two sheet lamination methods. LOM uses alternate layers of paper and adhesive, while UAM employs thin metal sheets conjoined through ultrasonic welding. LOM excels at creating objects ideal for visual or aesthetic modeling. UAM is a relatively low-temperature, low-energy process used with various metals, including titanium, stainless steel and aluminum.

Vat Polymerization

With vat photopolymerization, an object is created in a vat of a liquid resin photopolymer. A process called photopolymerization cures each microfine resin layer using ultraviolet (UV) light precisely directed by mirrors.

Available Options

  • Fuel Economy Est-Combined (MPG): 21
  • EPA Fuel Economy Est — City (MPG): 19
  • EPA Fuel Economy Est — Hwy (MPG): 24
  • Maximum Alternator Capacity (amps): 130
  • Base Curb Weight (lbs): 4245
  • Gross Vehicle Weight Rating Cap (lbs): 5600
  • Gross Combined Wt Rating (lbs): 11360
  • Dead Weight Hitch — Max Trailer Wt. (lbs): 5000
  • Dead Weight Hitch — Max Tongue Wt. (lbs): 500
  • Wt Distributing Hitch — Max Trailer Wt. (lbs): 6600
  • Wt Distributing Hitch — Max Tongue Wt. (lbs): 660
  • Maximum Trailering Capacity (lbs): 6600
  • Suspension Type — Front: Double Wishbone
  • Suspension Type — Rear: Leaf
  • Axle Type — Front: Independent
  • Axle Type — Rear: Rigid Axle
  • Axle Ratio (:1) — Front: 3.91
  • Axle Ratio (:1) — Rear: 3.91
  • Brake Type: Front Disc/Rear Drum
  • Brake ABS System: 4-Wheel
  • Brake ABS System (Second Line): 4-Wheel
  • Disc — Front (Yes or ): Yes
  • Front Brake Rotor Diam x Thickness (in): 10.8
  • Rear Brake Rotor Diam x Thickness (in): 10
  • Drum — Rear (Yes or ): Yes
  • Rear Drum Diam x Width (in): 10
  • Front Tire Size: P245/75SR16
  • Rear Tire Size: P245/75SR16
  • Spare Tire Size: Full-Size
  • Front Wheel Size (in): 16 X 7
  • Rear Wheel Size (in): 16 X 7
  • Spare Wheel Size (in): Full-Size
  • Front Wheel Material: Aluminum
  • Rear Wheel Material: Aluminum
  • Spare Wheel Material: Steel
  • Steering Type: Rack-Pinion
  • Turning Diameter — Curb to Curb (ft): 44.1
  • Fuel Tank Capacity, Approx (gal): 21.1
  • Wheelbase (in): 140.6
  • Length, Overall (in): 225.5
  • Width, Max w/o mirrors (in): 74.4
  • Height, Overall (in): 70.6

Cargo Area Dimensions

  • Cargo Box Length @ Floor (in): 73.7
  • Cargo Box Width @ Top, Rear (in): 56.7
  • Cargo Box Width @ Floor (in): 56.7
  • Cargo Box Width @ Wheelhousings (in): 41.5
  • Cargo Box (Area) Height (in): 19.1
  • Passenger Capacity: 5
  • Front Head Room (in): 39.7
  • Front Leg Room (in): 42.9
  • Front Shoulder Room (in): 58.3
  • Front Hip Room (in): 57.2
  • Second Head Room (in): 38.3
  • Second Leg Room (in): 32.6
  • Second Shoulder Room (in): 58.9
  • Second Hip Room (in): 56.3
  • Vehicle Name: Toyota Tacoma 2WD
  • Body Style: Double Cab
  • Body Code: T
  • Tons/yr of CO2 Emissions @ 15K mi/year: 8.5
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