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Что такое двигатель family

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+ Дополнительные опции

Астра Фэмили – уже третье поколение немецких компакт-каров среднего класса с тремя типами кузовов. Независимо от особенностей экстерьера, любой такой автомобиль обладает спортивным дизайном и хорошими техническими показателями. Оснащается модель 1,6 и 1,8-литровыми моторами, механическими или автоматическими трансмиссиями.

Swaraj Tractors


Our tractors are made by the farmer, for the farmer. Majority of our engineers are from a farming background.


Right from being reliable to fuel-efficient, we have a range of tractors that deliver what you want.

Enabling farmers to realise complete farm potential

Swaraj offers a wide range of harvesters and implements which are capable to deliver for all farm needs.

Trust of 15 lakh farmers enabled Swaraj to become “Mera Swaraj”

  • Get A Call Back
  • Tractor Demo
  • Dealer Locator
  • Service/Parts Feedback

Swaraj Purpose

Swaraj Tractors was established in 1974 with a mission to be self-reliant and develop India’s first Indigenous tractor. Today Swaraj is a rapidly growing company, has a wide portfolio of tractors and farm machinery, and stands firmly amongst the top tractor brands in India. We manufacture a range of tractors from 11.18 kW to 48.47 kW (15Hp-65Hp) for various farming needs including 4WD tractor for wetland & specialized tractors for horticulture.

Powerful Engine with Higher Torque

Easy Maintenance

Long Lasting


As 70 % of our employees are from farming background


With 20 PRODUCTS catering to special features suitable for agriculture and haulage application.

  • New arrival
  • 11.18 kW (15 HP)
  • 14.91-22.37 kW (20-30 HP)
  • 22.37-29.82 kW (30-40 HP)
  • 29.82-37.28 kW (40-50 HP)
  • 37.28-44.74 kW (50-60 HP)
  • 44.74-48.47 kW (60-65 HP)

Swaraj 724 XM ORCHARD NT

Swaraj 744 FE 4WD

Swaraj 855 FE 4WD

Swaraj 963 FE 4WD

We Are Passionate About Empowering Lives

Acknowledge, Contribute and Make A Difference – that’s how we transform along with our farmers.

Diligently Contributes towards Sanitation & Cleanliness

Right from spreading awareness to setting up hygienic solutions, Swaraj Tractor diligently contributed towards the Swachh Bharat Abhiyan campaign.

Powering Education through Infrastructure Upgrade in Government schools

Extending the ethos of quality education, Gyandeep Project Strives to upgrade government schools through infrastructure and extra-curricular activities.

Prerna For Women

Enabled Women for Multiple Growth Opportunities

Project Prerna envisages to train women with skills and techniques that helps them develop helps them in generating income & leads to empowerment.

Primary Health & Cancer Care Project

Made Cancer Care Accessible through Mobile Health and Palliative Care

An initiative that created Cancer Awareness and Screening Camps for early detection along with Palliative Care units across tri-city villages of Punjab.

What Keeps Us Going

The love and support that strengthens us to deliver more.

Grateful to Swaraj dealer for saving the day by delivering a spare tractor when the one I owned broke down during the harvest.

Mr. Naveen Singh, Customer

After trying out numerous tractors on my farm, I was only able to get optimal results using Swaraj, thanks to its unbeatable power and performance. For the past 40 years my family has been a part of the Swaraj Family. Thank you, Swaraj! Mera Swaraj!

Mr. Ashish Sharma, Customer

“I look at Swaraj from two perspectives – Belongingness & Responsibility. I started my career with Swaraj, and it has taken care of my family’s needs. And, it has given me the responsibility to offer farmers a tractor that never stops working.”

Amandeep Singh, Employee

“While I was working at Swaraj, I met with an accident and severe injury. But I received strong support from the company, and asked me to work with convenience. Be it any kind of trouble, Swaraj family comes together and fights through it. Who wouldn’t want to work with a company like this?”

B.S. Lakhwan, Employee

Swaraj has given me opportunity to work in an environment which is amicable & knowledgeable. I have learnt a lot in my 9 years of association with Swaraj. My working has evolved with the changing work environment of the organization. I hope the organization continues to provide greater career opportunities in times to come.

Swaraj is my birth right. So, it is a true-blue Indian brand. Our bonding with Swaraj is like that of a father and son. Our relationship with Swaraj has grown through testing times and become stronger. Swaraj has groomed us.

Rakesh Kumar (Samrat Forging Ltd.), Vendor

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Swaraj is a customer-oriented company. Their tractors are powerful, value for money, and the brand also offers better after sales services. And which is why customers believe they have a good deal.

Sunil Mishra, Channel Partner, Basti (UP)


Start your journey with our nearest Dealer as per your current location.

Best used 4x4s 2021 (and the one to avoid)

Buyers of SUVs expect a lot from their cars: comfort, practicality, a commanding driving position and, in many cases, the added security and off-road potential that comes with four-wheel drive.

All of the models we present here deliver these things, but to varying degrees. Some have seven seats, while others provide incredible ability when conditions get tough. But whatever you’re after from your 4×4, you’ll find something in this top 10 to meet your needs.

Land Rover Discovery

The Land Rover Discovery is an incredibly capable car. Not only can it seat seven adults in comfort, but it also comes with Land Rover’s legendary go-anywhere ability. True, the Discovery costs more than many of its rivals to keep on the road, but if you want practicality from your 4×4, it’s certainly a good way to go.

Problems with the air suspension could be expensive to fix, so look out for warning lights on the dashboard. It’s also worth checking the underside of the Discovery for any damage caused by off-road excursions. If water gets underneath the undercoating or if mud is allowed to sit on the chassis or suspension arms for an extended period of time, corrosion can occur.

Overall, though, the Disco 5 is an exceptional car: smooth, refined, comfortable, and hugely competent. Only its reliability record lets it down.

Dacia Duster

A nearly new Duster can be a capable on and off-road tool. The four-wheel-drive models are surprisingly competent if you decide to leave paved roads behind; you can lock them into four-wheel drive via a dial near the gearlever and let the traction control system prevent wheels from spinning, ensuring that power is sent to those wheels that have grip on the terrain. Four-wheel-drive cars also have more sophisticated rear suspension, which is more supple, meaning there’s a decent ride, too.

Inside, space is excellent; four adults should have few complaints about longer journeys and you can even take five – at a pinch. Boot capacity is generous, and the depth of it means you’ll need to carry exceptionally long items without having to fold the rear seats down. At around £11,000 for a nearly new example, the Duster is exceptional value.


After the excellent second-generation X3, its successor had a lot to live up to. Fortunately, the third-generation car made sure to up its game even further in terms of technology, improved refinement and greater interior space. In addition, it’s good to drive, well equipped and classy.

It does all this while remaining relatively affordable on the used market, with a good selection around for less than £30,000. Up your budget, however, and you’ll find everything from fast six-cylinder versions to a fuel-efficient plug-in hybrid.

Overall, its tidy handling and highly practical, high-quality interior makes the X3 one of the best large SUVs you can buy.

Volvo XC90

If you need a big seven-seater, the Volvo XC90 is a car you can buy with your head as well as your heart. Not only can it seat seven in reasonable comfort, but there’s still enough room behind the third-row seats for a decent amount of luggage.

True, the ride can be unsettled on rougher road surfaces and the tablet-style infotainment system is rather fiddly. However, the XC90 is good to drive, nicely finished and wonderfully stylish inside and out. It’ll impress the neighbours and it’s a used car bargain.

There have been a number of recalls during its life, including for cracked fuel hoses, airbags that might not deploy in a collision and even problems with the vehicle connectivity module that will prevent your location from being sent to the emergency services. So, make sure any necessary remedial work has been carried out.

Audi Q5

The original Q5 was a hugely successful car for Audi. It smashed all its sales targets and became the best-selling model in its class – and Audi’s best-seller – for many years in a row. This second-generation version has also proved to be immensely popular and is one of the best SUVs you can buy, new or used.

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It’s smooth, refined and incredibly classy inside and out. It drives superbly, is well equipped and spacious and practical, too. With quattro four-wheel drive, there’s plenty of traction, and the Q5 is stable and smooth riding. It’s so good and so popular that the only stumbling block is its relatively high used prices, but it’s a car that’s definitely worth that premium.

Skoda Karoq

The Skoda Karoq is a fantastic family SUV, with compact dimensions that make it easy to handle around town, as well as a practical and versatile interior that gives it the capability to carry everything you need. Plus, the Karoq’s raised ride height and large window area help to give the driver great all-around visibility.

The 1.0-litre petrol engine is fine for those on a budget, but you’ll need a 2.0-litre diesel or the 2.0-litre petrol if you want four-wheel drive. In any case, the diesel is great if you do loads of miles every year, and the additional torque helps when you’ve got a full complement of passengers and luggage. Versions with an automatic gearbox can be hesitant when pulling away from a standstill but are smooth once up to speed.

Peugeot 3008

The 3008 is a stylish family SUV inside and out. However, it’s not all form and no function. It’s also very comfortable to drive, with a range of smooth and economical engines to match, and a large boot means it’s not short on practicality.

With prices starting at around £14,000, the 3008 offers great value, plus used examples are proving to be good and very solid buys. Our latest reliability data has the 3008, in petrol form, in mid-table (out of 28 models) in its class with a rating of 93.9%.

To get four-wheel drive, you’ll have to opt for a plug-in hybrid model, specifically the one packing 296bhp. These models arrived in 2019 and are common on the used market, albeit at higher prices than non-hybrid alternatives. That said, around £30,000 isn’t unreasonable for a one or two-year-old SUV that’s as excellent as the 3008.

Volvo XC60

Beneath the classy looks of the Volvo XC60 lies a thoroughly spacious, practical and comfortable car. There’s enough room for five adults and the rear is even just about wide enough for three.

What’s more, the XC60 has a great reputation for safety, especially if you find one with the optional Intellisafe Pro Pack, which features lots of semi-autonomous driving tech.

Petrol models can be pretty thirsty, but a mid-range diesel is much more affordable to run. The XC60 is great to drive, too, especially in four-wheel-drive mode, and exceptionally classy. All in all, the XC60 is an easygoing and hassle-free car to own.

Seat Ateca

The Seat Ateca is a great family SUV and one of the best-handling SUVs on the market. A clan of five would have no practicality concerns, because it’s got a really big boot, wide-opening rear doors and lots of head and leg room for all. Even the interior, while not built of the plushest materials, is suitably well made and fairly classy.

There have been a few issues with electric parking brakes disengaging when they shouldn’t, a small number of rear wheel bearing faults, some examples of poor headlight adjustment and problems with the centre rear head restraint, but on the whole reliability is pretty good.

Both the 1.0 and 1.4-litre petrol engines are fine choices, but four-wheel-drive models are mostly found paired with a torquey 2.0-litre diesel engine that is economical and quite refined at a motorway cruise.

Audi Q7

The Audi Q7 has long been one of our favourite luxury SUVs, and the good news is that it’s perhaps even better as a used buy; a 2019 facelift left it with a more hesitant automatic gearbox and a less user-friendly infotainment system, and opting for an older version sidesteps these issues.

Building on all the good points of the original Q7, the second-generation car is better to drive, more comfortable and noticeably more spacious. It offers a selection of superb diesel engines and a wonderfully classy interior, while the quattro four-wheel drive system is highly effective at maximising traction.

True, the ride can be a little too firm on sporty, S line models, so it’s worth finding an example equipped with air suspension.

There was a recall to reinforce the third-row seats on some earlier versions, and a small number of cars had issues with their dampers. But buy a well-maintained Q7 and you’ll be getting a truly sensational 4×4.

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Aside from the dubious changes mentioned above, the 2019 update also brought some positive tweaks, including mild hybrid assistance that allows the engine to switch itself off when coasting in order to reduce fuel consumption.

Наиболее популярные марки двигателей

За время производства автомобилей, каждое поколение оснащалось разнообразными двигателями внутреннего сгорания (двс) – от малолитражных до дизельных двухлитровых. С течением времени шло совершенство двс, а также узлов и агрегатов, уже в 80-х годах у некоторых моделей стали появляться моторы с турбиной, что прибавляло мощности и ставило эти автомобили вне всякой конкуренции по сравнению с их одноклассниками. Наибольшую популярность получили двигатели, устанавливаемые на автомобили девятого и десятого поколений.

  • HR15DE – шестнадцатиклапанный четырёхцилиндровых мотор серии HR с рядным расположением цилиндров. Двс этой серии устанавливался на автомобили mazda familia десятого поколения. Этот двигатель был наиболее популярным как до рестайлинга, так и после него. Мотор объёмом 1498 см³, с максимальной мощностью 116 л. с. Система газораспределения DOHC означает, что у мотора два распредвала, которые обеспечивают последовательное открытие и закрытие клапанов. Используемое топливо – АИ-92, АИ-95, АИ-98. Средний расход от 5,8 до 6,8 л на 100 км.

  • HR16DE – это модернизированный собрат предшественника, от предыдущего отличается объемом – у него он составляет 1598 см³. Благодаря большему объёму камеры сгорания мотор способен развивать большую мощность – до 150 л.с. Повышение мощности отразилось на расходе топлива – двс кушает от 6,9 до 8,3 л на 100 км. Устанавливается силовой агрегат также на некоторые модели mazda familia с 2007 года.
  • ZL-DE – этот силовой агрегат устанавливался на некоторые авто девятого поколения (мазда 323, фамилия и вагон). Объём составляет 1498 см³, Этот мотор шестнадцатиклапанный, имеет два распределительных вала, четыре цилиндра, расположенные в ряд. У каждого цилиндра имеется по два впускных и два выпускных клапана. По всем параметрам он немного уступает агрегатам серии HR: максимальная мощность 110 л.с., а вот расход топлива составляет 5,8-9,5 л на 100 км.

  • ZL-VE – второй мотор, которым укомплектовывались некоторые авто девятого поколения. При сравнении с моделью ZL-DE он существенно выигрывает по мощности, которая составляет 130 л.с. при расходе топлива – всего 6,8 л на 100 км. Мотор ZL-VE устанавливался на автомобили мазда фамилия и мазда вагон с 1998 по 2004 года.
  • FS-ZE – из всех вышеперечисленных моделей этот двигатель обладает самыми солидными параметрами. Объём составляет 1991 см³, а максимальная мощность – 170 л.с. Этот силовой агрегат оснащён системой сгорания обеднённой смеси. Расход топлива сильно зависит от манеры езды и колеблется от 4,7 до 10,7 л на 100 км пути. Этот двс получил широкое распространение на авто девятого поколения – устанавливался на мазда фамилия и вагон, мазда примаси, мазда 626, мазда капелла.
  • QG13DE – это классический малолитражный мотор, который занял лидирующие позиции среди экономных автолюбителей того времени. Объём двигателя составляет 1295 см³, минимальный расход топлива составляет 3,8 л на 100 км. На максимальных оборотах расход повышается до 7,1 л на 100 км. Мощность силового агрегата составляет максимум 90 л.с.
  • QG15DE – достойным конкурентом предыдущей модели стал двигатель QG15DE. Конструкторы, увеличив объём до 1497 см³, смогли добиться мощности 109 л.с., причём расход топлива изменился незначительно (3,9-7 л на 100 км).
  • QG18DE – двигатель серии QG, рядный, четырёхцилиндровый, шестнадцатиклапанный. Как и у предыдущих аналогов – охлаждение жидкостное. Объём составляет 1769 см³, максимально развиваемая мощность – 125 л.с. Расход бензина составляет в среднем 3,8-9,1 л на 100км.
  • QG18DEN – в отличие от предыдущего собрата, этот мотор уникален тем, что работает на природном газе. Получил широкую популярность благодаря экономичному ценнику заправляемого топлива. Рабочий объём всех четырёх цилиндров составляет 1769 см³, максимальная мощность – 105 л.с. расход топлива составил 5,8 на 100 км пути.

Все моторы серии QG устанавливались на автомобили mazda familia девятого поколения с 1999 по 2008 года.

Uninstall Docker Desktop

To uninstall Docker Desktop from your Windows machine:

  1. From the Windows Start menu, select Settings >Apps >Apps & features.
  2. Select Docker Desktop from the Apps & features list and then select Uninstall.
  3. Click Uninstall to confirm your selection.

Uninstalling Docker Desktop destroys Docker containers, images, volumes, and other Docker related data local to the machine, and removes the files generated by the application. Refer to the back up and restore data section to learn how to preserve important data before uninstalling.

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